I thought I heard Chelsea say that the world bank was paying for benefits for immigrant who attend the 2012 Clinton Ini? I found it interesting to hear at this conference how one could contribute to the creation of food by driving a truck for Walmart.  I wonder how many of these funded immigrants end up working at Walmart only to be funded by our SNAP program because wadges are so low at Walmart.

 Who is the World Bank

Five Agencies, One Group

The World Bank Group consists of five organizations:

The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)lends to governments of middle-income and creditworthy low-income countries.

The International Development Association (IDA) provides interest-free loans—called credits— and grants to governments of the poorest countries.

The International Finance Corporation(IFC) provides loans, equity and technical assistance to stimulate private sector investment in developing countries.

The Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) provides guarantees against losses caused by non-commercial risks to investors in developing countries.

The International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) provides international facilities for conciliation and arbitration of investment disputes.

 Social Welfare Fund Institutional Support Project


full report above

Welfare Fund (SWF).  
The SWF is the only public cash-transfer based social safety net in Yemen. The SWF’s cash transfer budget has grown from US$4 million at the outset (established in 1996) to US
$200 million in 2008/2009.  However, the program has suffered from a combination of low benefits, poor targeting, and inefficient administrative and operational processes resulting in 
chronically low coverage of the poorest and little impact on overall poverty. The 2007 Poverty Assessment concluded that the SWF covered only 13 percent of the poorest population 
and nearly two-thirds of beneficiaries were above the national poverty line.  
As a result of these findings, the Government of Yemen (GoY) has authorized a program of fundamental reforms to the SWF to improve targeting of the poor, strengthen service 
delivery capacity, and implement a new legal and policy framework. In 2008 the GoY endorsed a new Law on Social Welfare to reorient SWF objectives so that (i) poverty is the 
primary focus of assistance and is more clearly defined; (ii) beneficiaries include those in economic difficulty (unemployed, etc.) as well as the poor covered by previous social 
categories (female-headed households, widows, elderly, disabled, etc.); (iii) a case management system will be established to reassess beneficiaries’ eligibility and recertify them 
within a defined period of time for either re-enrollment in, or graduation  from, SWF benefits; and (iv) the SWF’s beneficiary development role to assist the transitory poor (i.e., those 
around the poverty line) to exit poverty through skills training and linkages with the labor market is legally mandated. In response to the food crisis, in 2009, the Government doubled 
the maximum SWF benefits to YR 4,000 (US$20) per case per month.   
In 2008, the SWF launched a national survey covering 1.6 million households, including current beneficiaries and new applicants, in order to establish whether the poorest 
households were being targeted by the cash transfer program and determine which applicants should be included in the list of beneficiaries.  In 2009 a technical assistance funded by 
the Bank introduced proxy means tests (PMT) as a targeting method and applied it to the 2008 SWF beneficiary and applicant survey.  Analysis of the findings showed that 27 
percent of current beneficiaries belonged to the ineligible groups (inclusion error).  From the same survey, 52 percent of new applicants were found to be among the poorest - but are 
not yet enrolled in the program and therefore not receiving benefits (exclusion error). The SWF needs a strategy to appropriately include/exclude eligible and ineligible beneficiaries 
coupled with strong communication/awareness campaigns to benefit from local knowledge particularly that of women to encourage the poor to apply for benefits and discourage the 
rich from expecting the same.  
This project will support the SWF to develop and implement a new poverty-based targeting policy and strengthen the SWF’s administration and management of its Cash Transfer 
program to improve program outreach and performance.  The SWF can play an important role in combating poverty.